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Anatomy of the Eye

The precious gift of GOD, the eye is such a wonderful structure which has many parts functioning in unison to provide us with good vision. The eye very much resembles like a camera. The image of the object that is focused upon is inverted on the film of the eye, the retina and the signals pass to the brain which reads the image as erect.
Eyelids :The eye is covered by the Eyelids which protect the outer part of the eye.
Sclera :The white part of the eye is called the sclera which is composed of tough, fibrous tissue that protects the inner workings of the eye.
Cornea :The eye has a watch glass, a transparent window called the Cornea, which allows the light to enter into the eye.
Aqueous Humour is a fluid, which flows between the cornea and the lens.
Iris :A diaphragm called the Iris controls the amount of light entering the eye.
Pupil :The iris has a small opening or aperture in the center called the Pupil, which dilates and constricts according to the external light.
Lens :The Lens is a transparent structure situated behind the iris and is suspended by Suspensory Ligaments (Zonules).
Vitreous Humour :The inner segment of the eye has a gel substance called Vitreous Humour situated between the lens and the retina which forms the shape and contour of the eye.
Choroid is a pigmented structure forming one of the coats of the eyeball.
Retina :The Retina is a thin light sensitive layer forming the inner coat of the eyeball.
Optic disc :The optic nerve is seen as a small Optic disc in the back of the eye, which transmits impulses from the retina to the brain and the image is processed there.
Macula: The center of the retina is called the Macula, which is a sensitive part for good vision
Extra Ocular muscles: These are six muscles surrounding the eye which are helpful in moving the eye in all directions

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